Historic Political Declaration Ratified at High-level Summit on Sustainable Development (HLPF)

By Mohammad Hossain from UN Headquarters
Published Mon, Oct 2, 2023 2:05 AM

In a historic gathering at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on September 18 and 19, 2023, world leaders and high-ranking representatives convened for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Summit. The purpose of this summit was to assess progress and revitalize efforts in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The political declaration adopted during this summit, under the auspices of the General Assembly, reaffirms global commitment to achieving the SDGs and addressing pressing challenges.

The political declaration, signed by Heads of State and Government, outlines several key commitments:

  1. Shared Commitment: Leaders express their shared commitment to accelerating the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, emphasizing the importance of this roadmap for achieving sustainable development and addressing crises worldwide.

  2. Eradicating Poverty: The declaration underscores that eradicating poverty, including extreme poverty, is the paramount global challenge and an essential prerequisite for sustainable development.

  3. Universal and Comprehensive Agenda: Leaders affirm that the 2030 Agenda is universal and comprehensive, balancing economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development while striving for gender equality and human rights.

  4. Guided by Principles: The declaration reiterates that the 2030 Agenda is guided by the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law, grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and informed by various international instruments.

  5. Addis Ababa Action Agenda: The leaders commit to the full implementation of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, recognizing its crucial role in realizing the SDGs and targets.

  6. Climate Change Urgency: Leaders express deep concern about rising global greenhouse gas emissions and emphasize the immediate priority of mitigating and adapting to climate change.

  7. Progress Concerns: The declaration acknowledges that progress toward the SDGs is insufficient and raises alarms about reversing sustainable development gains due to crises such as poverty, hunger, climate change, and inequality.

  8. Bold and Transformative Actions: Leaders pledge to take bold, ambitious, and transformative actions, promoting inclusivity, justice, peace, resilience, and sustainability for all generations.

  9. Global Solidarity: The declaration emphasizes the importance of international cooperation, mutual trust, and global solidarity in pursuing sustainable development.

  10. Rio Declaration Principles: Leaders reaffirm principles from the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including common but differentiated responsibilities.

  11. COVID-19 Response: Acknowledging the disproportionate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, leaders commit to strengthening international cooperation to aid developing countries in recovery and resilience-building.

  12. Special Challenges: Specific challenges facing various groups of developing countries, including African countries, least developed countries, and small island developing states, are recognized.

  13. Ending Poverty and Hunger: The leaders resolve to end poverty and hunger, combat inequalities, build inclusive societies, and ensure gender equality, inclusive economic growth, and decent work for all.

  14. Gender Equality: The declaration underscores the importance of gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in achieving all SDGs and eliminating violence against women.

  15. Role of Culture: The role of culture as an enabler of sustainable development is emphasized, promoting social cohesion and effective policies.

  16. Fighting Discrimination: Leaders commit to combating racism, discrimination, xenophobia, and intolerance through cooperation, partnership, and respect for diversity.

The adoption of this political declaration signals a renewed global commitment to the SDGs, recognizing the urgency of addressing the world's most pressing challenges. World leaders pledge to work collectively, promoting international solidarity and cooperation to create a more inclusive, just, and sustainable world for current and future generations. The path ahead is clear – bold actions, shared responsibilities, and global solidarity are essential to realizing the vision of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.